Afghanistan is known as the crossroads of Asia. It is bordered in the north by Tajikistan, Uzbekistan,
and Turkmenistan, in the west by Iran, in the south by Pakistan, and China to the east. For more than
2000 years, this area has been the site of ancient trade routes collectively known as the Silk Road.
Always an important link between east and west, Afghanistan remains a critical and dynamic place on
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
28 150 000 inhabitants (2009 estimate)
652 000 square kilometers
Afghanistan afghani (AFN)
1 Euro = 68,87 AFN
1 US Dollar = 48,68 AFN
Country Dialing Code:
People and languages
Afghanistan's ethnically and linguistically mixed population reflects
its location astride historic trade and invasion routes leading from
Central Asia into South and Southwest Asia.
Dari and Pashto are Afghanistan’s official languages.
Dari is spoken by more than half of the population, and Pashto is spoken throughout Kabul and
eastern and southern Afghanistan.
Many Afghans are multi-lingual. Tajik and Turkic languages are
spoken widely in the north. Smaller groups throughout the country also speak more than 70 other
languages and numerous dialects. Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all
other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population.
Afghanistan is an Islamic country. An estimated 80% of the population
is Sunni, following the Hanafi school of jurisprudence; the remainder
is predominantly Shia.
Geography and climate
Afghanistan is a beautiful country with soaring mountains and steep plateaus. The terrain contains numerous mountain ranges, but also deserts, rivers, lakes, plains and forests. Afghanistan has a relatively dry climate with four distinct seasons.Summers are hot with plenty of sunshine; during the spring flowers bloom across the country; falls are mild; and winters are cold with snow in most areas. Average rainfall is 250 mm per year, but amounts vary greatly regionally.
During the past fifty years, an ever-increasing number of archaeological expeditions have come to Afghanistan. As a result, the country’s heritage has become ever more rich and varied, and new discoveries are being made each year. Many of these artifacts are displayed at the Kabul Museum. As late as 1957, the world knew nothing of the existence of the Minaret of Jam. Standing at the very heartof the remote province of Ghor, it is the second tallest minaret in the world.